Information of Wuzhishan City (Mt. Five Finger)
Five Finger Mountain (City) , located at the center of Hainan Island, with the title of the highest mountain in Hainan Island makes it one of the symbol of Hainan and also one of the famous mountains in China. The peaks are waving like saw-tooth and the shape is like five fingers, this is how the Wuzhi Mountain (Five Fingers Mountain in Chinese) got its name.
The mountains range from southwest to northeast, from thin to thick. The first peak Yizhishan Mountain (1st Finger Mountain) is like a huge pyramid with elevation of 1,300 meters high and the top of the peak is piercing into the sky obliquely. The Erzhishan Mountain (2nd Finger Mountain) is the highest peak of the Wuzhishan Mountain with elevation of 1,876 meters high. Between the Yizhishan Mountain and Erzhishan Mountain there is a "Sky Bridge" built with a natural huge stone. Since it is surrounded with cloud and mist all the year, it is called the Fairy Bridge with a lot of mythology stories. The Sanzhi Peak (3rd Finger) was the highest peak originally. Since it was cut by a portion by thunder several years ago, so it became a bit lower than before. Then are the Fourth Peak and the Fifth Peak. Although these five peaks' tops are standing separately, their mountain bodies are joined together.
Looking at the Wuzhi Mountain from distance, with green forest and loud around, these five green mountains are piercing into the sky like fingers, the scenery is beautiful and changeable.
When you climb up along the mountain roads, you will find the cloud and mist is gushing to you from up to down gradually. This is one of the features of the Wuzhi Mountain. If you climb to the top of the Wuzhishan Mountain, the cloud and mist is much thicker as if you were in the space. Looking down, you can see the green waves are all under your eyes and water is connected with the sky. These are all too beautiful to be absorbed all at once.
The main rivers and streams in Hainan Island originate from the Wuzhi Mountain. The scenery of mountains and rivers forms the beautiful landscape. On the mountain there is spacious original forest. The falling leaves are as thick as 50 centimeters. A kind of unique fragrance is full of air, so some biologists and botanists say that the Wuzhi Mountain is the green treasure hidden many trees for hundreds of years.
Meanwhile the Wuzhishan Mountain is also the kingdom of precious animals and birds, there are various animals such as reptiles, birds and animals. When visitors travel the Wuzhi Mountain, you will see animals come out to look for food or play with each other now and then.
The Five Finger Mountain is a great area for hiking. A good time to visit is on the third day of the third month of the lunar calendar, when lots of Li people gather for an annual festival, which is the festival for lovers.
The city area of 1169 square kilometers, population 107,000. The Changhua River upstream tributary of the South St. River meanders from east to west, the flow through the whole city. Here a mild climate, a tropical mountain climate, warm in winter and cool in summer. The annual average temperature of 22.4 degrees, the average January temperature of 17 degrees, the average July temperature of 26 degrees, the extreme maximum temperature of 35.9 degrees. The average annual rainfall is 1690 mm, the extreme maximum annual rainfall is 2810.4 mm, extreme most juvenile rainfall of 1055.5 mm, annual average relative humidity was 84%. Beautiful mountains, spring-like "natural house" and "Emerald City," said.
Wuzhishan rich in mineral resources. Kaolin, marble, granite, graphite ore, mineral water with high exploitation value. The city's forest coverage rate of 75% over 1400 kinds of forest woody plants, 150 kinds of advanced precious wood, 1,000 kinds of medicinal plants, as well as expensive the Wuzhishan wild water over tea, the Wuzhishan orchid 100 kinds of development prospect is extremely broad . Wuzhishan wide variety of animals, wild animals, 524 species, accounting for 22% of the total number of animals, many biological species are unique to the Fingers, is a natural and Botanical Garden, a unique travel, adventure, expedition, vacation, convalescent value.
The Li people are original inhabitants of Hainan island, who have their own style of living, food, costumes, marriage and festivals. the Han people Hainan has long been inhabited by the Li, Miao and Hui peoples. Most of the Li, Miao and Hui peoples live in the central and southern parts of the island, including Qiongzhong, Baoting, Baisha, Lingshui, Changjiang, Sanya and Wuzhishan(Five Finger Mountain).
The Only Well-preserved Primitive Village of Li Ethnic Minority Group
Chubao Village, located at the foot of Wuzhi Mountain, is the only well-preserved primitive village of Li ethnic minority group, and also the most intact, beautiful and unique Li ethnic minority group. It is also a miniature of the life and cultural changes of Li ethnic minority. 58 households with a population of 320 in the village are all living in the rail-style building(also known as Hanging building) with special living features of Li ethnic minority, which serves as a very special case quite different from the common boat-shaped house of Li ethnic minority. The senior citizens of Chubao Village maintain the traditional living styles of Li ethnic minority.